Friday, June 15, 2018

Threat Roundup for June 1-15

Today, Talos is publishing a glimpse into the most prevalent threats we've observed between June 01 and June 15. As with previous round-ups, this post isn't meant to be an in-depth analysis. Instead, this post will summarize the threats we've observed by highlighting key behavioral characteristics, indicators of compromise, and discussing how our customers are automatically protected from these threats.

As a reminder, the information provided for the following threats in this post is non-exhaustive and current as of the date of publication. Detection and coverage for the following threats is subject to updates, pending additional threat or vulnerability analysis. For the most current information, please refer to your Firepower Management Center,, or

Thursday, June 14, 2018

Vulnerability Spotlight: TALOS-2018-0523-24 - Multiple Vulnerabilities in Pixars Renderman application

Vulnerabilities discovered by Tyler Bohan from Talos


Talos is disclosing two denial-of-service vulnerabilities in Pixar’s Renderman application. Renderman is a rendering application used in animation and film production. It is widely used for advanced rendering and shading in many large-scale environments. Both vulnerabilities are due to the lack of proper validation during the parsing process of network packets.

Pixar remedied  these vulnerabilities in RenderMan version 21.7

Wednesday, June 13, 2018

Vulnerability Spotlight: TALOS-2018-0545 - Microsoft wimgapi LoadIntegrityInfo Code Execution Vulnerability

Vulnerabilities discovered by Marcin Noga from Talos


Talos is disclosing a remote code execution vulnerability in the Microsoft wimgapi library. The wimgapi DLL is used in the Microsoft Windows operating system to perform operations on Windows Imaging Format (WIM) files. WIM is a file-based disk image format created by Microsoft to simplify the deployment of Windows systems. If an attacker creates a specially crafted WIM file, they could be able to execute malicious code with the same access rights as the logged-in user, or just crash the system with a denial-of-service attack. The vulnerability is related to the file header parsing, which means it gets triggered even on simple operations. WIM files do not have a registered file type handler by default, which means that this vulnerability cannot be triggered by tricking a user into double-clicking a WIM file — at least not without registering a file-handler first. This vulnerability was assigned CVE-2018-8210 and a security patch was released as part of the June 2018 Microsoft Patch Tuesday release. The Microsoft advisory can be found here.

Tuesday, June 12, 2018

Microsoft Patch Tuesday - June 2018

Executive Summary

Microsoft has released its monthly set of security advisories for vulnerabilities that have been identified and addressed in various products. This month's advisory release addresses 50 flaws, with 11 of them rated "critical," and 39 rated "important." These vulnerabilities impact Microsoft Edge, Internet Explorer, Chakra Scripting Engine, Windows DNSAPI, Microsoft Office, Windows Kernel and more.

In addition to the 50 vulnerabilities referenced above, Microsoft has also released a critical update advisory, ADV180014, the June 2018 Adobe Flash Security Update, which addresses the vulnerabilities described in the security bulletin.

Wednesday, June 6, 2018

VPNFilter Update - VPNFilter exploits endpoints, targets new devices


Cisco Talos, while working with our various intelligence partners, has discovered additional details regarding "VPNFilter." In the days since we first published our findings on the campaign, we have seen that VPNFilter is targeting more makes/models of devices than initially thought, and has additional capabilities, including the ability to deliver exploits to endpoints. Talos recently published a blog about a broad campaign that delivered VPNFilter to small home-office network devices, as well as network-attached storage devices. As we stated in that post, our research into this threat was, and is, ongoing. In the wake of that post, we have had a number of partners step forward with additional information that has assisted us in our work. This post is an update of our findings over the past week.

First, we have determined that additional devices are being targeted by this actor, including some from vendors that are new to the target list. These new vendors are ASUS, D-Link, Huawei, Ubiquiti, UPVEL, and ZTE. New devices were also discovered from Linksys, MikroTik, Netgear, and TP-Link. Our research currently shows that no Cisco network devices are affected. We've provided an updated device list below.

We have also discovered a new stage 3 module that injects malicious content into web traffic as it passes through a network device. At the time of our initial posting, we did not have all of the information regarding the suspected stage 3 modules. The new module allows the actor to deliver exploits to endpoints via a man-in-the-middle capability (e.g. they can intercept network traffic and inject malicious code into it without the user's knowledge). With this new finding, we can confirm that the threat goes beyond what the actor could do on the network device itself, and extends the threat into the networks that a compromised network device supports. We provide technical details on this module, named "ssler" below.

Additionally, we've discovered an additional stage 3 module that provides any stage 2 module that lacks the kill command the capability to disable the device. When executed, this module specifically removes traces of the VPNFilter malware from the device and then renders the device unusable. Analysis of this module, called "dstr," is also provided below.

Finally, we've conducted further research into the stage 3 packet sniffer, including in-depth analysis of how it looks for Modbus traffic.

Tuesday, June 5, 2018

Talos Threat Research Summit Guide and Cisco Live Preview

The first Cisco Talos Threat Research Summit is coming up at Cisco Live! in Orlando, so we are providing a quick guide to all the activities going on at the summit and beyond. The response to the summit was stronger than we could have anticipated for the first year - it sold out fast!  Next time, we definitely need a bigger boat. Whether or not you have a ticket to the summit, read on for a guide of how to stay on top of what's happening in Orlando, and how you can connect with the events Talos is holding around Cisco Live! 2018.

Vulnerability Spotlight: TALOS-2018-0535 - Ocularis Recorder VMS_VA Denial of Service Vulnerability

Vulnerabilities discovered by Carlos Pacho from Talos


Talos is disclosing a denial-of-service vulnerability in the Ocularis Recorder. Ocularis is a video management software (VMS) platform used in a variety of settings, from convenience stores, to city-wide deployments. An attacker can trigger this vulnerability by crafting a malicious network packet that causes a process to terminate, resulting in a denial of service.