Cisco Talos’ Vulnerability Research team has helped to disclose and patch more than 20 vulnerabilities over the past three weeks, including two in the popular Adobe Acrobat Reader software.

Acrobat, one of the most popular PDF readers currently available, contains two out-of-bounds read vulnerabilities that could lead to the exposure of sensitive contents of arbitrary memory in the application.

There are also eight vulnerabilities in a popular line of PLC CPU modules commonly used in automated environments.

All the vulnerabilities mentioned in this blog post have been patched by their respective vendors, all in adherence to Cisco’s third-party vulnerability disclosure policy.

For Snort coverage that can detect the exploitation of these vulnerabilities, download the latest rule sets from, and our latest Vulnerability Advisories are always posted on Talos Intelligence’s website.

Out-of-bounds read vulnerabilities in Adobe Acrobat

Discovered by KPC.

Adobe Acrobat Reader contains two out-of-bounds read vulnerabilities in its Font feature that could lead to the disclosure of sensitive information.

TALOS-2024-1946 (CVE-2024-30311) and TALOS-2024-1952 (CVE-2024-30312) are triggered if the targeted user opens an attacker-created PDF that contains a specially embedded font.

An adversary could exploit these vulnerabilities to read arbitrary memory of the process that runs when Acrobat tries to process the font. It’s possible the adversary could even view sensitive components of arbitrary memory, which they could use in follow-on attacks or the exploitation of other vulnerabilities.

TALOS-2024-1952 is the same exploit as outlined in TALOS-2023-1905, a previously disclosed vulnerability, because Adobe’s initial patch did not properly protect against all possible attack vectors.

Privilege escalation vulnerability in Foxit PDF Reader

Discovered by KPC.

Foxit PDF Reader contains a privilege escalation vulnerability that could allow an adversary to execute commands with SYSTEM-level privileges. Foxit PDF Reader is one of the most popular alternatives to Acrobat Reader available. It also supports the embedding of JavaScript, which is another possible attack vector for adversaries.

TALOS-2024-1989 (CVE-2024-29072) occurs because of improper certification of the updater executable before executing it. A low-privilege user can trigger the update action, which can result in the unexpected elevation of privilege to the SYSTEM level.

Multiple vulnerabilities in popular image-processing library

Discovered by Carl Hurd and Philippe Laulheret.

Talos recently discovered multiple vulnerabilities in libigl, a C++ open-source library used to process geometric shapes and designs. It is commonly used in various industries, from video game development to 3-D printing.

Two out-of-bounds write vulnerabilities, TALOS-2023-1879 (CVE-2023-49600) and TALOS-2024-1930 (CVE-2024-22181), could lead to a heap buffer overflow. An attacker could exploit these vulnerabilities by tricking the targeted user into opening a specially crafted file.

TALOS-2024-1928 (CVE-2024-24584 and CVE-2024-24583) can be exploited in a similar manner, but in this case, leads to an out-of-bounds read.

Two other vulnerabilities, TALOS-2024-1929 (CVE-2024-24684, CVE-2024-24685 and CVE-2024-24686) and TALOS-2023-1784 (CVE-2023-35949, CVE-2023-35952, CVE-2023-35950, CVE-2023-35953, CVE-2023-35951), can cause heap-based buffer overflow issues if the adversary supplies a specially crafted .off file. .OFF files are commonly used to share 2-D and 3-D images.

Lastly, there is another out-of-bounds write vulnerability that is caused by an improper array index validation. TALOS-2024-1926 (CVE-2024-23951, CVE-2024-23950, CVE-2024-23949, CVE-2024-23947 and CVE-2024-23948) can be triggered by a specially crafted .msh file.

Remote Code Execution vulnerabilities and more in AutomationDirect CPU

Discovered by Matt Wiseman.

Several vulnerabilities were identified in the AutomationDirect P3 line of CPU modules. The P3-550E is the most recent CPU module released in the Productivity3000 line of Programmable Automation Controllers from AutomationDirect. The device communicates remotely via ethernet, serial and USB and exposes a variety of control services, including MQTT, Modbus, ENIP and the engineering workstation protocol DirectNET.

Four of the vulnerabilities found in these PLC CPU modules received a CVSS security score of 9.8 out of 10, making them particularly notable.

TALOS-2024-1942 (CVE-2024-21785) is a leftover debug code vulnerability that allow an adversary who can communicate to the device over ModbusRTU to enable the device’s diagnostic interface without any other knowledge of the target device. There is also TALOS-2024-1943 (CVE-2024-23601) which can lead to remote code execution if the attacker sends a specially crafted file to the targeted device and TALOS-2024-1939 (CVE-2024-24963 and CVE-2024-24962) which are stack-based buffer overflows that can also lead to remote code execution if the attacker sends a specially formatted packet to the device.

TALOS-2024-1940 (CVE-2024-22187) and TALOS-2024-1941 (CVE-2024-23315) are both Write-What-Where vulnerabilities that may be triggered if an adversary sends a specially crafted packet to the targeted machine. An adversary who submits a series of properly formatted requests to exploit this vulnerability could modify arbitrary memory regions on the device, potentially resulting in arbitrary remote code execution.

A heap-based buffer vulnerability, TALOS-2024-1936 (CVE-2024-24851), also exists if an adversary sends a specially crafted packet to the targeted device. In this case, the adversary could cause the device to crash due to memory access violations.

Similarly, TALOS-2024-1937 (CVE-2024-24947 and CVE-2024-24946) can also crash the device by exploiting two different functions on the device which are vulnerable to heap-based buffer overflows.

The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) also released an advisory covering these vulnerabilities, as the P3 line is commonly used in U.S. critical infrastructure and ICS networks. CISA provided users with a list of possible mitigations for these vulnerabilities and other steps administrators can take to protect ICS environments. The agency also stated that organizations in the commercial facilities, critical manufacturing and information technology sectors could be affected.